Celebrating the 450th anniversary of the Carmel Reform movement,
Pope Benedict recently reflected on the spirituality of Teresa of Avila.
Peace and good will,
A Shining Star:
St Teresa of Avila
The following is a reflection that Pope Benedict XVI sent to Bishop Jesus Garcia Burillo of Avila, Spain on the occasion of the 450th anniversary of the Monastery of San Jose in Avila and the beginning of the reform of Carmel by St Teresa of Jesus. It was dated 16 July 2012.
To my Venerable Brother Bishop Jesus Garcia Burillo of Avila,
1. Resplendens stella: “a star shining in great splendour” (Libro de la Vida 32,11). With these words the Lord encouraged St Teresa of Jesus to found the Monastery of San Jose in Avila. This was the beginning of the Reform of Carmel which will be celebrating its 450 anniversary next 24 August. On this happy occasion I would like to join the rejoicing of the beloved Diocese of Avila, of the Order of Discalced Carmelites and of the People of God on pilgrimage in Spain, as well as of all those in the universal Church who have found in Teresian spirituality a sure light for men and women to attain a true renewal of their life through Christ. In love with the Lord, this illustrious woman did not want anything other than to please him in all things. Indeed, it is not those who do great things based on the excellence of their human qualities who are holy, on the contrary, holy people are those who humbly let Christ penetrate their soul and act through them, who truly allow him to play th lead in all their actions ad aspirations, inspiring every project and sustaining every silence (emphasis added).
2. Only those who have an intense prayer life are able to let Christ lead them in this manner (emphasis added). The Saint of Avila says that a life of prayer consists in “being on terms of friendship with God, frequently conversing in secret with him who, we know, loves us” (Libro de la Vida 8, 5; emphasis added). The reform of Carmel whose anniversary fills us with inner joy was born from prayer and is inclines to prayer. By distancing herself from the Mitigated Rule in order to further a radical return to the primitive Rule, St Teresa of Jesus wished to encourage a form of life that would favour the personal encounter with the Lord, for which “we have only to find a place where we can be alone and look upon him present within us. Nor need we feel strange in the presence of so kind a Guest (Camino de perfeccion, 28,2). The Monastery of San Jose came into being precisely in order that all its daughters might have the best possible conditions for speaking to god and establishing a profound and intimate relationship with him.
3. St Teresa proposed a new way of being a Carmelite in a world that was also new. The “times were dangerous” (Libro de la Vida, 33, 5) and in these times, as this spiritual teacher said, “the friends of God should be strong, in order that they may support the weak” (ibid., 15, 5; emphasis added). And she eloquently insists: “the world is on fire. Men try to condemn Christ once again, as it were, for they bring a thousand false witnesses against him. The would raze his Church to the ground…No, my sisters, this is no time to treat with God for things of little importance (Camino de perfeccion, 1,5). Does not this most luminous and challenging reflection made by the holy mystic more than four centuries ago seem familiar to us in the situation in which we are living?
The ultimate aim of the Teresian Reform and of the creation of new monasteries in the midst of a world devoid of spiritual values was to strengthen apostolic work with prayer; and to propose an evangelical lifestyle that might serve as a model to those in quest of a way of perfection, based on the conviction that every authentic personal and ecclesial reform passes through the reproducing, ever more faithfully, the “form” of Christ (cf. Gal 4:19) within us. The Saint and her daughters strove to do exactly this and this was the exact commitment of her Carmelite sons who endeavoured solely to “advance in virtue” (Libro de la vida, 31, 18). In this regard Teresa writes: “He (Our Lord) prizes one soul which of his mercy we have gained for him by our prayer and labour more than all the service we may render him” (Libro de las Fundaciones, 1, 7). In the face of forgetfulness of God the Holy Doctor encourages prayerful communities that protect their fervour those who proclaim Christ’s name everywhere, so that they may pray for the Church’s needs and bring the cry of all the peoples to the Saviour’s heart.
4. Today, too, as in the 16th century and also among rapid changes, trusting prayer must be the soul of the apostolate so that the redemptive message of Jesus Christ rings out with deep clarity and vigorous dynamism. It is urgently necessary that the Word of life be harmoniously vibrant in souls with resonant and attractive tones.
Teresa of Avila’s example is a great help to us in this exciting task. We can say that in her time the Saint evangelized without mincing her words, with unfailing ardour, with methods foreign to inertia and with expressions haloed with light. Her example keeps all its freshness at the crossroads of our time. It is here that we feel the urgent need for the baptized to renew their hearts through personal prayer which, in accordance with the dictates of the Mystic of Avila, is also centered on contemplation of the Most Holy Humanity of Christ as the only way onwhich to find God’s glory (cf. Libro de la Vida, 6, 7). Thus they will be able to form authentic families which discover in the Gospel the fire of their hearths; lively and united Christian communities cemented on Christ as their corner-stone and which thirst after a life of generous and brotherly service. It should also be hoped that ceaseless prayer will foster priority attention to the vocations ministry, emphasizing in particular the beauty of the consecrated life which, as a treasure of the Church and an outpouring of graces, must be duly accompanied in both its active and contemplative dimensions.
The power of Christ will likewise lead to the multiplication of projects to enable the People of God to recover its strength in the only possible way: by making room within us for the sentiments of the Lord Jesus (cf. Phil 2:5), seeking in every circumstance a radical experience of his Gospel. This means, first of all, allowing the Holy Spirit to make us friends of the Teacher and to conform us to him. It also means accepting his mandates in all things and adopting such criteria as humility in behavior, the renunciation of the superfluous and giving no offence to others or proceeding with simplicity and a docile heart. Those who surround s will thus perceive the joy that is born from our adherence to the Lord and see that we put nothing before his love, being ever ready to account for our hope (cf. 1 Pet 3;15) and like Teresa of Jesus, living in filial obedience to our Holy Mother, the Church.
5. Today, this most illustrious daughter of the Diocese of Avila invites us to this radicalism and faithfulness. Accepting her beautiful legacy at this moment in history, the Pope asks all the members of this particular Church, and especially youth, to take seriously the common voction to holiness. Following in the footsteps of Teresa of Jesus allow me to say to all who have their future before them: may you too, aspire to belong totally to Jesus. Do not be afraid to say to Our Lord, s she did, “I am yours; I was born for you, what do you want to do with me?” (Poems 2; emphasis added). And I ask him to obtain that you may also be able to respond to his call, illuminated by divine grace with “determined resolve” in order to offer “that little” which is in you, trusting in the fact that God never abandons those who leave everything for his glory (cf. Camino di perfeccion 21, 2; 1, 2).
6. St Teresa knew how to honour with deep devotion the Most Holy Virgin, whom she invoked with the sweet name of Carmel. I place under her motherly protection the apostolic aspiration of the Church of Avila so that rejuvenated by the Holy Spirit she may find appropriate ways for proclaiming the Gospel with enthusiasm and courage. May Mary, Star of Evangelization, and her chaste spouse, St Joseph intercede so that the Church, this “star” which the Lord set alight in the universe with the Teresian Reform, may continue to shine with the great splendour of the love and truth of Christ for all humankind. With this wish, Venerable Brother in the Episcopate, I send you this message. I ask you to make it known to the flock entrusted to your pastoral care and, especially, to the beloved Discalced Carmelites of the Convent of San Jose in Avila so that they mayperpetuate in time the spirit of their Foundress. I am ever grateful to them for their fervent prayers for the Successor of Peter. To them, to you and to all the faithful of Avila I impart the Apostolic Blessing as a pledge of abundant heavenly favours.
From the Vatican, 16 July 2012
Benedict XVI (published in L’Osservatore Romano; 18 July 2012, #29)